If you want to unveil a mesmerizing tourist destination in India with lots of natural beauties, wildlife and nature, you should look nowhere else but Manas wildlife sanctuary. It is also famous as Manas National Park. It is among the top UNESCO World Heritage sites in India. It is also considered among the top project tiger and elephant reserve area. Apart from that Manas National Park is also a great biosphere reserve. Manas Wildlife Sanctuary is situated in the famous Himalayan foothills in the Indian state of Assam.  It is located adjacent to famous Royal Manas National Park in the country of Bhutan. Basically Manas national park is famous for its endangered and rare endemic wildlife. Some of these endangered endemic are hispid hare, pygmy hog, golden langur, and Assam roofed turtle. Manas National Park is also renowned for its amazing population of rare water buffalo.

About Manas National Park

The Manas National park or wildlife sanctuary got its name after famous river Manas. The river Manas grabbed its name after Goddess Manasa.  This river is among the top tributary rivers of Brahmaputra River that passes usually through the center of Manas wildlife sanctuary.

Manas Wildlife Sanctuary (India)

Manas Wildlife Sanctuary (India) | By Kishore Rao [CC BY-SA 3.0-igo (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0-igo)], via Wikimedia Commons


Manas wildlife sanctuary was officially declared a national park or a sanctuary on 1st of October, 1928. It covers an area of about 360 square kilometers of land. Manas National Park got the status of biosphere reserve in the year of 1973. Moreover, prior to be declared as a National Park and wildlife sanctuary, it was a famous reserved forest area known as North Kamrup RF and Manas RF. This forest area was also used by Behar royal family as well as king of Gauripur as a reserved hunting area. This area was expanded in the year of 1951-55 to 391 square kilometers. Manas National Park and wildlife Sanctuary was officially declared as a World Heritage site by UNESCO in December, 1985. Moreover, UNESCO also declared this park as a world heritage site, which is in danger in the year of 1992. The park area was expanded to about 950 square kilometers on February 25, 2008.

Manas National Park, Assam | India

Manas National Park, Assam | By Sougata Sinha Roy (Own work) [CC BY 3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

People Living in Manas National Park

However, there is a single village found in park called Agrang, but there are various other villages situated in and around this park. There are about 56 villages situated in and around the park. So, if you want to see the life of people living in a forest reserve area, you must visit at Manas National Park. It is considered among the top national parks and wildlife sanctuaries in India.

Biomes at Manas National Park

This wildlife sanctuary is also known for amazing biomes. There are basically two main biomes in this one of the most visited wildlife sanctuaries in India. First one is the grassland biomes. Some of them are Indian rhinoceros, pygmy hog, wild Asian buffalo, and Bengal florican. When it comes to knowing about the forest biomes, tourist can discover Malayan giant squirrel, great hornbill, sambar, wild pig, capped langur, slow loris, and many more.

Indian One Horned Rhino

Indian One Horned Rhino | By Imran088 (Own work) [CC BY-SA 4.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

Flora at Manas Wildlife Sanctuary

When it comes to visiting at a wildlife sanctuary, importance of flora can’t be ignored. The same situation can also be observed when it comes to visiting at famous Manas wildlife sanctuary in India. The local monsoon woods of this park lie in the famous Brahmaputra Valley’s semi-evergreen woods eco-region. The blend of sub-Himalayan Bhabar Terai area formation along with riverine succession greatly leading up to famous Himalayan subtropical forests that make it among the richest biodiversity locations on the earth planet.

There are different types of vegetation found at this location. Some of them are given below.

  • In the northern areas, visitors can see sub-Himalayan Alluvial evergreen woods.
  • In the eastern Himalayan area, tourists can see dry and moist deciduous woods.
  • Tourists can also witness the beauty of low alluvial savanna forests.
  • The local Assam Valley evergreen area covers an area of about 50 percent of this national park or wildlife sanctuary.

Fauna at Manas Wildlife National Park

The Manas wildlife sanctuary or park has about 55 species of natural mammals, 50 of reptiles, 380 species of amazing birds, and about three species of amphibians. Moreover, out of this total wildlife, about 21 mammals are considered India’s schedule one mammals as well as 31 of them are considered in endangered.

Manas Wildlife Sanctuary (India)

Manas Wildlife Sanctuary (India) | By Guy Debonnet [CC BY-SA 3.0-igo (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0-igo)], via Wikimedia Commons

Some of the most common fauna at this famous wildlife sanctuary or park are Indian rhinoceros, Indian elephants, Asian water buffaloes, gaurs, Indian tigers, barasingha, clouded leopards, Indian leopards, Asian golden cats, capped langurs, dholes, golden langurs, slow loris, Assamese macaques, hoolock gibbons, sloth bears, smooth-coated otters, barking deer, black panthers, chitals, sambar deer, and hog deer. This national park is also famous for species of endangered and rare wildlife, which are not found elsewhere in globe such as hispid hare, Assam roofed turtle, and yes pygmy hog. Here, one point should be noted that Manas wildlife sanctuary houses about 450 species of natural birds. The park has the biggest population of famous Bengal florican. Some of the most commonly found bird species at Manas wildlife sanctuary are jungle fowls, great hornbills, bulbuls, ducks, brahminy, kalij pheasants, pelicans, egrets, fishing eagles, falcons, serpent eagles, bee-eaters, pied hornbill, magpie robins, scarlet minivets, mergansers, grey hornbills, harriers, herons, ospereys, peafowl, Indian peafowl, and many more.

How to Reach at Manas Wildlife Sanctuary

If you want to visit at Manas National Park, you can easily reach there by using air, railway and road transportation.

By Air

The nearest airport is situated in Assam. Tourists can grab direct flights from various top airports in India to this nearest airport in Assam. From airport, tourists can easily hire a taxi or car to reach at Manas Wildlife Sanctuary.

By Rail

Assam is well connected with rest of country via Indian Railways. The nearest railway station is situated in Assam. You can easily find out special train routes to reach at Manas wildlife sanctuary.

By Road

Visiting at Manas National Park is easy if you choose road transportation. The state is well-connected with neighboring states via solid road networks.

Best Time to Visit this Wildlife Sanctuary?

However, Manas wildlife sanctuary can be visited throughout the year, but the best time to unveil the nature and wildlife at this sanctuary is during the months of February, March, April, October, and November.

How to Choose Manas Wildlife Sanctuary Tour Packages

If you are planning to explore the natural beauty and wildlife at Manas wildlife sanctuary, you need to look for right travel packages. There are various tour and travel companies that can help you choosing affordable Manas National Park tour packages online.

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