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When it comes to visiting UNESCO World Heritage Sites of India, significance of the Jantar Mantar at Jaipur can’t be underestimated. It is considered among the top tourist attractions in Jaipur city. If you want to visit at one of the most visited World Heritage tourist sites in India, you should not forget visiting at this historical monument in Jaipur, Rajasthan, India. Here, you will know complete details about Jantar Mantar, its history and how to reach there. So, let’s keep reading about Jantar Mantar Jaipur.
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About Jantar Mantar, Jaipur
Jantar Mantar is a historical monument in the pink the city Jaipur in the Indian state of Rajasthan. It is a great collection of 19 architectural astronomical devices. Rajput king Raja Sawai Jai Singh constructed Jantar Mantar in Jaipur. The construction work of this distinct building was completed in the year of 1734 CE. One of the key tourist attractions at this UNESCO World Heritage site in Jaipur is a “stone sundial”, which is considered as the biggest device in the world.
Things to Know
Jantar Mantar, a historical monument is situated adjacent to famous Hawa Mahal and City Palace in Jaipur city. This historical monument features various masonry, brass and stone instruments, which were constructed using instrument design and astronomy principles of sacred Hindu texts. These instruments enable the great observation of astronomical situations even with naked human eyes. This great building expresses amazing architectural works. It is certainly a fine specimen of blended thoughts of different social and religious beliefs.
This observatory is a great specimen of Ptolemaic positional astronomy that was thoroughly shared by various civilizations. Jantar Mantar Jaipur features instruments functioning in each of the total 3 key classical celestial coordinate operating systems i.e. the horizon-zenith system, the equatorial local system and yes the ecliptic local system. The distinct Kapala Yantraprakara at Jantar Mantar is one that simply functions in two systems. Thus, it enables the transformation of needed coordinates directly from one local system to another one.
This historical monument was unfortunately damaged during the 19th of century. Major Arthur Garrett, who was an amateur astronomer, did great efforts to restore this historical monument in Jaipur city.
How Jantar Mantar Was Constructed?
When you decide to visit at one of the most popular tourist destinations in Jaipur, you will surely love knowing about the history of Jantar Mantar. You must want to know how this great monument was constructed. You must want to know about the materials used to build this amazing astronomical system in India. Jantar Mantar Jaipur was constructed using local marble and stone. Each device carries a certain astronomical scale, normally marked on the stone inner lining. Mortar, bricks and bronze tablets were also used in constructing the astronomical instruments in this historical monument. It covers an area of around 18,700 square meters of land.
This historical observatory was regularly used until 1800. Later, it was fell in disrepair and disuse. During the British rule in India, this observatory was restored several times. In the year of 1948, this historical monument was officially declared as a national monument. Jantar Mantar in Jaipur was restored in the year of 2006. Here, one point should be noted that restoration process thoroughly replaced a few original instruments with different materials of devices.
This historical monument is managed under the famous Archeological sites & Monuments Act of State Rajasthan since 1961. This amazing observatory has been protected as a famous National monument of state Rajasthan since the year of 1968.
Theory Used Behind the Jantar Mantar, Rajasthan
Jantar Mantar was constructed keeping ancient Hindu astronomical texts and knowledge in mind. Vedas are the great source of astronomical terms, calendar and management of time. But these ancient Hindu texts don’t mention any sort of astronomical devices. The earliest evidences of astronomical devices, clepsydra and gnomon are discovered in sacred Vedangas. The gnomon also called Shanku available at Jantar Mantar is mentioned in the first millennium BCE sacred Vedangas. The same thing can also be found in other sacred books for instance, Katyayana Sulbasutras. There are some other useful discussions of such astronomical devices are found in various Hindu books such as the Arthashastra, Surya-prajnapti and Sardulakarna avadana.
The main theories behind these instruments are found in great books by the fifth century CE called Aryabhatta, sixth sentury CE Varahamihira and Brahmagupta, ninth century Lalla, eleventh century Bhaskara and Sripati. The famous Bhaskara and Sripati texts have devoted various chapters on these devices. These chapters are called Yantra Adhyaya. The innovative theory of yasti-yantra, chakra-yantra, kapala-yantra, dhanur-yantra, kartari-yantra, nadivalaya-yantra, and various others are greatly found in ancient Hindu texts.
Timings and Entry Fees
Tourists can buy tickets to the famous Jantar Mantar Jaipur either at the main entrance gate or online. Tourists or visitors can also buy a ticket for watching a light and sound show. When you decide to visit at this amazing tourist attraction, you must not forget hiring a guide. If you don’t want to hire a guide, you may also grab help from audio guides that can easily explain about the significance of Jantar Mantar.
Best Time to Visit
Best time to visit at Jantar Mantar of Jaipur is during mid-day. Since the sun is available right above the head, you can be able to understand how certain readings are grabbed for each device. Since Jantar Mantar is among the top tourist places to visit in Jaipur, you can visit here round the year.
How to Reach at Jantar Mantar Jaipur
If you want to see top tourist places in Jaipur, you must first visit at Jantar Mantar. You can easily find out desired transportation to reach at this most visited tourist destination.
You can easily find out direct flights to the nearest airport in Jaipur from all major airports in the country. From airport, hiring a taxi or cab can help you reaching at your destination.
Jaipur city is well-connected with rest of towns and cities via railway network. The nearest railway station is located in Jaipur. Tourist can easily find direct train route to reach at Jantar Mantar.
Tourists or visitors can hire buses, cars and taxis to reach at Jantar Mantar Jaipur via road.