Are you planning to visit India? Do you want to witness the beauty of historical places in India? Do you want to unveil the history of hidden structures in India? And do you want to see a world heritage site in India? If your answer to above asked questions is yes, then visiting Ellora Caves in Maharashtra can be a right decision. It is a UNESCO world heritage site (1983). So, let’s keep reading about the Ellora Caves.

Ellora Caves, Maharashtra

Ellora Caves, Maharashtra | By Anupamg (Own work) [CC BY-SA 4.0 (], via Wikimedia Commons

Where Ellora Caves Are Located?

The famous Ellora Caves are also called Verul Leni. It is situated on the Chalisgaon-Aurangabad road, only 30km far from northwest area of Aurangabad. The key attraction of this site is its massive rock-hewn ancient monastic-temple structures. It is also popular for being the biggest single monolithic ancient excavation on the earth planet. The famous Kaila cave or cave 16 is world-famous for its incredible design, architecture and historical values. If you want to visit this site, you should visit here during monsoon. The key reason behind choosing monsoon season is that during this time, all the streams are filled with water. So, you can enjoy great time in the lap of lush greenery. So, if you want to get rid of modern hectic lifestyle, you should not forget spending great time in the lap of nature.

History of Caves

These caves are usually hewn out of the present volcanic basaltic structure known as Deccan Trap in Maharashtra, India. The rock formation can offer you great viewing of the structure. While witnessing the beauty of terraces and summits, tourists could be surprised. You may also enjoy visiting the channels just near to 32 caves. These channels are certainly outstanding in terms of their design, architecture and natural formation. However, there are still no scientific evidences available regarding the formation of the rock-cut caves, but still it is anticipated that the caves were meant to worshiping Hindu Gods and Goddesses.

Grishneshwar Temple

One of the key attractions at Ellora Caves is Grishneshwar temple. This ancient temple can be seen at the near the tomb of Bibi. The giant hills on which the caves are formed are also the part of famous Sahyadri. It is found that these historical structures are dated back to 65 million years. However, there is still no sufficient data available regarding the construction of this Hindu temple. But it is assumed that it was built during the 1st to 2nd century. The temple is devoted to Lord Shiva. Here, visitors or tourists can witness lord Shiva in different forms. The best part of visiting this ancient temple structure is that tourists can easily unveil the history of Hindu religion.

Dancing Shiva, Cave 21 at Ellora

Dancing Shiva, Cave 21 at Ellora | By Ms Sarah Welch (Own work) [CC BY-SA 4.0 (], via Wikimedia Commons

How Many Caves Are There?

Presently, there are around 1200 caves found. If you have keen interest in knowing about the historical places, you should not forget visiting this site. This world heritage site is considered among the top tourist attractions throughout the world. The area once used to be a great center for Buddhism. If you want to know about ancient Buddhism, you must visit this UNESCO world heritage site in India.

Ancient Trade Location

It is observed that the site used to be an ancient trade location. During the Satavahana kingdom, the area was used as the main trade location. There are various other locations, which are considered to be prime importance such as Pital Khora, Ajanta, Nasik, and many others. It was the location used for different types of business activities. However, there is still no adequate evidence available regarding the business or trade performed here during ancient time, but it is observed that the location was used to be a great place for ancient builders, traders and entrepreneurs.

Ellora_Caves | By Anupamg (Own work) [CC BY-SA 4.0 (], via Wikimedia Commons

Ellora_Caves | UNESCO world Heritage site in India

The Center for Buddhism, Jainism and Brahmanism 

Ellora Caves are vibrant symbol of three different religions in India i.e. Buddhism, Jainism and Brahmanism. There are various caves that dated back to 6th and 7th century AD to 11th and 12th century AD. Tourists can easily see here around 100 caves with lots of religious signs, symbols and yes statues. There are different types of caves that simply resemble different types of religions such as Brahmanism, Jainism and Buddhism. So, if you want to track the relation among these three most popular religions in India, you should not forget visiting this world heritage site.

How to Reach Ellora Caves?

When it comes to visiting this mesmerizing world heritage site, visitors first want to know how they can reach there. Actually, it is quite easy to reach this destination. Being a tourist, you can easily find out air, train and road transport facilities to reach at the location.

By Air

The nearest airport is called Aurangabad airport. Visitors can grab daily flights from Mumbai and Delhi to this airport. So, you can easily grab a direct flight to Aurangabad airport from various major cities in India.

By Train

The nearest railway station is also situated at Aurangabad. Tourists can easily grab regular trains from Amritsar, Delhi, Hyderabad, Mumbai, etc. If you want to start your journey from Mumbai, you can choose either of the two regular trains i.e. Devgiri Express and Tapovan Express to reach at Aurangabad.

By Bus

Aurangabad is well-connected with nearby towns, cities and villages via road network. Visitors or tourists can easily find out public and private buses, cars and taxis to reach at desired location.

Timing for Ellora Caves

  • These caves can be visited from sunrise to sunset daily.
  • Tuesday is an official holiday.

What Is the Entry Fee/Charge for Ellora Caves?

  • Indian people and citizens from SAARC and BIMSTEC nations need to pay INR 30 per individual.
  • Children below than 15 years of age can enjoy free entry to this world heritage site.

Best Time to Visit Ellora Caves

However, this world heritage site can be visited throughout the year, but if you want to enjoy the real natural beauty, you should visit the site during monsoon. During this period, tourists can be able to witness the streams flooding with lots of water. Moreover, visitors or tourists can also enjoy witnessing the real beauty of nature. So, if you want to rejuvenate yourself, you should visit Ellora caves during Monsoon.

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